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GLOSSARY

Term:
Virus

Definition:

A malicious software program loaded onto a user’s computer without the user’s knowledge and performing malicious actions.

Term:
Phishing

Definition:

The fraudulent act of acquiring private and sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, personal identification and account usernames and passwords.

Term:
Keyloger

Definition:

A type of surveillance software that once installed on a system, has the capability to record every keystroke made on that system. The recording is saved in a log file, usually encrypted.

Term:
Malware

Definition:

Software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems without the owner knowing it.

Term:
Antivirus

Definition:

Antivirus software is a program designed to prevent, detect and remove malware infections on individual computing devices, networks and IT systems.

Term:
Driver

Definition:

A software program that enables a specific hardware device to work with a computer operating system.

Term:
Defragment

Definition:

To reorganize files on (a disk) so that the parts of each file are stored in contiguous sectors on the disk, thereby improving computer performance and maximizing disk space.

Term:
Software

Definition:

Set of instructions, data or programs used to operate computers and execute specific tasks.

Term:
Hardware

Definition:

All machine parts, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system

Term:
Operating system

Definition:

An operating system (OS) is the main software or group of programs of a computer system that manages computer hardware resources and provides services for software’s programmes.

Term:
Gmail

Definition:

Gmail is a free e-mail service, useful for sending and receiving e-mails, also sharing digital material (photo, videos, data etc.)

Term:
Viber

Definition:

it provides text and voice messaging, video calls, photo and other media sharing.

Term:
WeChat

Definition:

WeChat provides text, broadcast and voice messaging. WeChat also allows users to exchange contacts with people nearby via Bluetooth and it can also integrate with other social networking services such as Facebook.

Term:
Telegram

Definition:

Telegram is a cloud-based instant messaging and voice over IP service. Telegram has got “channels” that could be used for broadcasting messages to an unlimited number of subscribers.

Term:
Facebook Messenger

Definition:

Facebook Messenger is a messaging app and platform related to a Facebook account. It allows to chat with friends or whoever has a Facebook profile.

Term:
Alternative app

Definition:

is an alternative application to those most commonly used in the world of technological communication

Term:
Intellectual Properties

Definition:

“…refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names, and images used in commerce”.

Term:
GDPR

Definition:

GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) is a very recent EU regulation – fully into application across the European territory since May 2018 – that strictly regulates “the processing by an individual, a company or an organisation of personal data relating to individuals in the EU”.

Term:
Digital Identity vs Digital Reputation

Definition:

The way we act, what we say, how we say it, and what we do to portrait out our values online is what systematically defines our Digital Identity. One’s reputation simply displays and reveals what the others think about him/her and his/her overall perception.

Term:
Personal Data vs Sensitive Data

Definition:

A Personal Data is an information that tracks down traits and features related to an identified or identifiable individual person – even indirectly, by referring to any other indication. A Sensitive Data is a Personal Data that holds a stronger law protection and needs to be processed with extra caution measures, upon specific approval of the subject which that data refers to.

Term:
YouTube

Definition:

An app that allows you to view and search for videos on any topic

Term:
ITranslate

Definition:

An app that allows you to translate languages

Term:
Google Maps

Definition:

An app that allows you to find directions to and from places

Term:
Twitter

Definition:

A social networking website and app

Term:
Facebook

Definition:

A social networking website and app

Term:
Skype

Definition:

An app that allows you to make video and phone calls between smartphones, tablets and computers.

Term:
App

Definition:

An ‘app’ is an application which is software that can be used on your web browser or on your smartphone or tablet.

Term:
Toolbar

Definition:

An area in a window in which commands and other controls are displayed in functionally related groups. A ribbon can be divided into multiple views, known as tabs, and every tab can contain multiple groups of controls. Typically, a ribbon appears at the top of a window

Term:
Data

Definition:

Information is sometimes called data.

Term:
Fonts

Definition:

A font is a set of printable or displayable text character s in a specific style and size. The type design for a set of fonts is the typeface and variations of this design form the typeface family.

Term:
Digital Literacy

Definition:

The ability to use technology as a tool to research, organise, evaluate and communicate information, and the possession of a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues surrounding the access and use of information.

Term:
Critical Literacy

Definition:

What do you read into the text

Term:
Literacy

Definition:

the ability to read and write

Term:
Sharing data online

Definition:

the process of sharing and sending material online and not physically. You can share texts, documents, messages, videos, photos, music and audio.

Term:
Netiquette

Definition:

informal rules to follow to ensure correct behavior for a user of the Internet. These rules are born from the difficulties and dangers that incur communication with other users and increase according to the evolution of technologies.

Term:
App (Application)

Definition:

an IT tool that is installed and used entirely on your mobile device with the aim of making possible a service or a series of services or tools deemed useful or desirable by the user.

Term:
Social Media

Definition:

websites and applications that are designed to allow people to communicate and interact online.

Term:
Technologies for communication

Definition:

platforms and tools for communication between multiple users. communication can take place verbally, through messaging or through data sharing.

Term:
Logging off

Definition:

Leaving a programme.

Term:
Logging on

Definition:

Gaining access to a computer or software.

Term:
Password

Definition:

A word that a computer user makes up to gain access to programmes and websites.

Term:
Gmail account

Definition:

Gmail is a programme that people use to send Emails, other programmes include Outlook, Yahoo mail and Hotmail

Term:
Email

Definition:

Is a method of exchanging messages between people using a computer or a smartphone.

Term:
Software

Definition:

Programmes that make the computer operate. Software can be divided between application software and operating systems.

Term:
Hardware

Definition:

The machines and physical accessories of a computer.

Term:
Keyboard

Definition:

A piece of hardware that allows you to type on to your computer to create content.

Term:
Mouse

Definition:

A piece of hardware that you can use to navigate your way around your computer.

Term:
Desktop

Definition:

The first screen that you see when you turn on your computer

Term:
Icon

Definition:

Is a picture on a desktop and when you click on it with your mouse it gives your computer an instruction to carry out a task.

Term:
Attachments

Definition:

Documents or other data are sometimes attached to emails. This allows information to be shared across the internet.

Term:
Save as

Definition:

Save as is the same as saving except that you give the document a new name

Term:
Saving

Definition:

Helps you to keep the work that you have done and if you pay attention to where you save the document you should be able to find them again easily

Term:
Favourite

Definition:

Marking a website as a favourite is a way of easily finding a website again if you need it.

Term:
Folder

Definition:

Information can be stored in a folder on a computer so it can be found easily when it is needed.

Term:
Data

Definition:

Information is sometimes called data.

Term:
Uploading

Definition:

Taking an item from your computer and storing it on the internet

Term:
Data

Definition:

Information is sometimes called data.

Term:
Uploading

Definition:

Taking an item from your computer and storing it on the internet

Term:
Downloading

Definition:

Taking an item from the internet and storing it on your computer

Term:
URL

Definition:

Universal Resource Locator is also known as a web address. A URL is a piece of text that states where a resource can be found on the internet. Normally a URL will start with www.

Term:
Computer network

Definition:

Connected computers through a system of wires or there can be wireless connections.

Term:
World Wide Web

Definition:

Or WWW is another word for the internet

Term:
Search engine

Definition:

A search engine is a programme that allows you to find information on the internet. A search engines uses key words to find information

Term:
Modem

Definition:

A hardware device built into your device to allow you to connect to the Internet

Term:
Browser

Definition:

A browser is a piece of software that allows you to access the internet. Examples of browser are; Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari

Term:
Driver

Definition:

A software program that enables a specific hardware device to work with a computer operating system.

Term:
Defragment

Definition:

To reorganize files on (a disk) so that the parts of each file are stored in contiguous sectors on the disk, thereby improving computer performance and maximizing disk space.

Term:
Software

Definition:

Set of instructions, data or programs used to operate computers and execute specific tasks.

Term:
Hardware

Definition:

All machine parts, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system.

Term:
Operating system

Definition:

An operating system (OS) is the main software or group of programs of a computer system that manages computer hardware resources and provides services for software’s programmes.

Term:
Virus

Definition:

A malicious software program loaded onto a user’s computer without the user’s knowledge and performing malicious actions.

Term:
Phishing

Definition:

The fraudulent act of acquiring private and sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, personal identification and account usernames and passwords.

Term:
Keyloger

Definition:

A type of surveillance software that once installed on a system, has the capability to record every keystroke made on that system. The recording is saved in a log file, usually encrypted.

Term:
Malware

Definition:

Software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems without the owner knowing it.

Term:
Antivirus

Definition:

Antivirus software is a program designed to prevent, detect and remove malware infections on individual computing devices, networks and IT systems.

Term:
Digital competence

Definition:

Digital competence is a key transversal competence that means being able to use digital technologies in a critical, collaborative and creative way. DigComp asks people to think about a range of issues such as storing information, protecting digital identity, developing digital content and behaviour online. Source: European Digital Competence Framework for Citizens (DigComp)

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This web site and its contents reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.